Unit 5 Discussion 1 – Research Overview Peer Review

Note: You are required to complete this discussion before submitting the unit assignment.

For this discussion, complete the following:

1. Match your question to a research methodology.

2. Describe the methodology (2 and 3 paragraphs) and research model (for example, Giorgi’s empirical phenomenology, and Moustakas’ transcendental phenomenology) and identify the methods you will use to collect data.

3. Identify how data will be collected.

OBJECTIVES

To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:

1. Identify the key characteristics, purposes, strengths, and limitations of qualitative research designs.

2. Analyze qualitative research design methods and methodologies.

3. Describe a detailed research methodology designed to support a specific research question.

Qualitative Research Proposal Transcript

Read Qualitative Research Proposal. This illustration appears throughout the course to help guide you as you develop the various components of your course project. Boxcars will continue to be added to the train as you progress through the course. Each boxcar provides information regarding the development of individual components of a research proposal.

Readings

Use your Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods text to review pages 85–120 of Chapter 3, “Variety in Qualitative Inquiry Frameworks: Paradigmatic, Philosophical, and Theoretical Orientations.”

Use your Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design text to complete the following:

Read Chapter 5, “Five Different Qualitative Studies,” pages 111–126. Focus on the following subsections:

“An Ethnographic Study.”

“A Case Study.”

Review Chapter 4, “Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry,” pages 65–110. Focus on the following subsections:

“Phenomenological Research.”

“Grounded Theory Research.”

“Ethnographic Research.”

“Case Study Research.”

Read Chapter 7, “Data Collection,” pages 147–180. Focus on data collection techniques.

Read and Review Percy, Kostere, and Kostere’s 2015 article, “Generic Qualitative Research in Psychology,” from The Qualitative Report, volume 20, issue 2, pages 76–85.

Unit 5 – Methodology and Data – INTRODUCTION

As you read the literature, you will find various terminologies used to describe qualitative design, including qualitative methodologies and qualitative approaches.

Once you have developed a research question, the next step is to apply an appropriate qualitative research methodology (that is, ethnography, case study, grounded theory, generic qualitative inquiry, or phenomenology) to the research question. When choosing a research methodology, it is essential that the  researcher chooses a methodology that matches the research question. Each methodology is designed to answer a certain type of question, and this match between question and methodology will lead the researcher to the development of methods of data collection and analysis that are consistent within the research methodology and throughout the study.

There are a number of ways to collect data from qualitative study participants. The types of data collected and used vary greatly from study to study. However, in the types of data collected, there is an emphasis on the understanding of human experience. It is essential when collecting data using open-ended interviews, open-ended questions, and open-ended questionnaires to not lead the participant, and for researcher bias to not interfere with the data collected.

Types of Data – Following is a list of a variety of data types:

Field work.                               Participant observation.

Direct observation.                Naturalistic observation.

Purposeful sampling.                Interviewing.

Open-ended questions.                Guiding questions.

Open-ended questionnaire.                Focus groups.

Journaling.                                              Literature, poetry, and biography.

Personal documents.                Historical documents.

Photos, video, and film.

Reference

Patton, M. Q. (2015). Qualitative research & evaluation methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.