Research Design Social Work

Chapter Three: Methodology – minimum 2-3 pages

  • Brief Introduction
  • Participants
  • Description of the instrument (s)
  • Steps / Procedures  / Process to get your research completed including the way that you review your literature
  • Data Analysis / How you are going to analyze the data





Comment by Grace Izquierdo: APA – Running head / titulillo y número de la página – debe seguir el formato APA





The bio-psycho-social impact of Distance Education on American High School Academy students in Miami Dade County in South Florida, as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic.







The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a crisis in many sectors globally, including the education sector. Since the disease hit the world, efforts have been made to seek alternative lifestyles. It forced the education sector to move away from face-to-face learning, and both teachers and students switched to online learning. Since then, the disease has had impacts like sociological where people cannot come up and learn together, psychological in that people have been stressed up with deaths of their people, and much more on distance learning in adolescents (Ali, 2020). In this case, it is the ninth-grade students of the American High School Academy. The disease has created unprecedented pressure on Miami Dade. On April 6, 2021, the number of reported death cases was 19, and 1,516 new cases were reported. This shows that the infection rate is still very high, despite the slight decrease in the number of infected. The COVID-19 rules being followed in Miami include getting vaccinated, wearing masks to maintain social distance, and disinfecting rooms and objects. The referred center has about 250 students, and their teachers take attendance to classes online, and classes are attended online.



1.1-Research problem / Definition

Coronavirus is a disease caused by the COVID-19 virus classified as a pandemic at present, which has changed the dynamics of the world in general. The first case was discovered in the city of Wuhan in China in December 2019, and since then, the disease has spread around the world, claiming thousands of lives. COVID-19 has impacted the biological, psychological, and social point of view in the ninth-grade students of the American High School Academy located in Miami Dade County in southern Florida, starting with implementing the modality of Distance Education to replace face-to-face learning program. Students cannot adopt new rules and regulations due to limited financial resources (Ballivian et al., 2020). Students cannot continue with distance education due to limited financial resources.

1.2-Justification and relevance of the study

At this point of justification and relevance of the study, we will primarily focus on why this study is essential to the school or anyone in general. First and foremost, the impacts of the coronavirus have been very many, and people have not known how to deal with them, and the study will help then affected people to know how to deal with the pandemics like such next time. Secondly, there is an existence of gap for the research of coronavirus pandemic; hence this study will help the researchers get whatever they need in the industry while carrying their researches. The research will be necessary for social work in that students will know how to leave with this kind of pandemic next time another one arises.

On the other hand, this research is fundamental to the education system since it will elaborate more on how children can use it to ensure that the learning continues as planned. It will also ensure that teachers can also teach their classes through online classes even though there is a pandemic in the nation. The research will also help the school analyze what transpired during this pandemic season ((García & Weiss, 2020). Lastly, to the Miami county families, the research will be crucial because it will help the neighboring population with appropriate knowledge on how to leave with the pandemic. It will come up with better strategies like social distance and much more. Generally, the study will develop better ways to solve the sociological problems that arise due to the pandemic, like social distancing. It will also help in solving psychological problems like stress due to the loss of loved ones. Lastly, it will help in dealing with biological problems like the onset of the pandemic and ensuring that such actions cannot happen again.

1.3-Objectives of the study

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the bio-psycho-social impact of distance education as a style of education during the COVID-19 pandemic in ninth-grade students from American High School Academy in Miami Dade in South Florida…


1.4-Research questions

• What socio-demographic characteristics predominate in American High School Academy, ninth graders?

• How is bio-psychosocial impact defined in ninth-grade students at American High School Academy?

• What are the advantages and disadvantages of distance education in times of a pandemic?

• What types of mental illness have prevailed in American High School Academy ninth graders during the COVID-19 pandemic?

• What stressors related to COVID-19 are correlated with anxiety and depression during the pandemic?

1.5-Variables and definition of variables

Bio-psycho-social impact- the independent variable, and Long-distance education is the dependent variable. Unknown variables: other variables can constitute them, the characteristics of the instructor, administrative support, course design, course content, social support, student characteristics, technical support, and the socio-demographic variables are age, gender, and educational level (Wodon, 2020).

1.6-Definition of important concepts

Distance education: Also known as online, online, or remote education, it is an innovative way of learning and teaching that brings the dynamics of a traditional and face-to-face class to the digital world. In this way, from anywhere in the world, students and teachers will connect in a virtual environment on their computers through the Internet, making intensive use of the facilities provided by new digital technologies. (According to the University of Palermo) -doubt

Distance education is a teaching modality with great potential and is an excellent option that, if carried out professionally, guarantees the same results as traditional teaching. According to Madero University Bio-Psycho-Social Balance, We speak of a bio-psychosocial model concerning the approach that takes care of people’s health by integrating biological, psychological, and social factors. This model understands that the well-being of man depends on the three dimensions: it is not enough that the individual is physically healthy. The bio-psychosocial model is one of the models that we find in psychology and even psychotherapy. It is an approach that establishes that several factors influence the development and well-being of a person in the context of a disease, disorder, or disability.

These factors, as the name of the model itself indicates, are of three types: biological (genetics, inheritance …), psychological (behaviors, emotions, thoughts …) and social (educational opportunities, poverty, unemployment …). (Ruiz et al., 2020)

Projected limitations of the study

According to this research, there are a few limitations that can be met while analyzing the research. First and foremost, there is the limitation of the researches on this topic; hence there were no many resources to refer from. There could not be a suitable data collection method like interviews since the pandemic only encouraged people to stay at home and avoid gatherings.

1.8 Description of the research design

This research chose to use a research design known as the survey method because it could best fit the research. A survey study could only be done in a small number of people of a group, and this happened because we could not find all the students at once due to the pandemic protocols like staying home and social distance. However, the results that are to be gotten on the research are to apply to the entire population of people even though you may not have participated. The only method used during the research was the use of questionnaires distributed to people at random and collected back after some time.










Ali, T. (2020). Distance Learning During COVID-19: 7 Fairness Considerations for Schools and Districts. Report the problem. Southern Education Foundation.

Ballivian, J., Alcaide, M. L., Cecchini, D., Jones, D. L., Abbamonte, J. M. and Cassetti, I. (2020). Impact of COVID-19-related stress and blockage on the mental health of people living with HIV in Argentina. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 85 (4), 475-482.

García, E. and Weiss, E. (2020). COVID-19 and US Student Achievement, Equity, and Education Policy: Lessons from Pre-Pandemic Research to Inform Relief, Recovery, and Reconstruction. Institute of Economic Policy.

Wodon, Q. (2020). COVID-19 crisis impacts Catholic schools and possible responses | Part 1: Developed countries with particular attention to the United States.