Week 3: Discussion: Skin and Respiratory System Disorders
The initial post must include responses to all the questions in this discussion.
Ebook: Gould’s Pathophysiology for the Health Professions, 6e 6th Edition
Mr. J, age 42, is a construction worker in Las Vegas who lives with his daughter and grandson, Sammy. He recently noticed that a mole on his face seemed to be getting larger and darker. At first, he did not worry because he was in the sun a lot and assumed the change may have been caused by sunburn. After a month, not only was the mole larger and darker, but it appeared to be “bumpy.” His doctor diagnosed a malignant melanoma skin cancer following a biopsy of the nevus. Mr. J reports pain in his right shin that does not go away when he puts his feet up or sleeps.
- Relate Mr. J’s skin changes to the warning signs for malignant melanoma.
- Discuss the normal progression of this malignancy. What is the significance of the bone pain that Mr. J is experiencing?
- Discuss the treatment available for this patient and the prognosis for recovery.
Mr. J is babysitting his grandson Sammy, age 3 years, who ate his dinner and then said his tummy hurt. Mr. J suggested he lie down in the adjacent room while his parents finished dinner. A few minutes later, Mr. J heard Sammy vomiting. He rushed in to lift Sammy up. When vomiting ceased, he noticed Sammy continued to cough and seemed to be choking. He was struggling to breathe, and a wheezing sound was obvious. It appeared that he had aspirated some vomitus. Mr. J drove him to a nearby hospital for examination.
- Discuss the specific effects of aspirating vomitus on Sammy, including the probable effects on his bronchi and lungs. Why might one lung be affected more than the other?
- Discuss the pathophysiologic changes causing the signs and symptoms and any tests required to clarify the effects on Sammy.
- Suggest some reasons for Sammy’s difficulty breathing and wheezing.
- Discuss the potential complications of aspiration of vomitus.
- Articulate alterations in structure and function of the respiratory and integumentary systems. (CO 1)
- Trace the impact that alterations in the respiratory and integumentary systems have on the body. (CO 2)
- Summarize the impact of alterations in the respiratory and integumentary systems on homeostasis. (CO 3)
Main Topics and Concepts
- Alterations in the respiratory system: Oxygenation
- Pathological processes in structures and functions
- Cancers of the respiratory system
- Pathophysiologic respiratory system response to aging
- Genetic influences on respiratory system pathology
2. Alterations in the integumentary system (skin disorders)
- Pathological processes of the integumentary system
- Cancers of the integumentary system
- Genetic influences on the integumentary system
- Understand normal respiratory and integumentary system disorders.
- Compare and contrast common respiratory and integumentary disorders: causes, clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests, and treatments.
- Apply understanding of alterations in respiratory and integumentary systems across the lifespan to formulate care priorities.
- Examine responses to aging and its impact on pathophysiologic changes in the respiratory and integumentary systems.
- Describe how heredity and genetics influence pathophysiological alterations in the cardiovascular and integumentary systems.
- Examine factors leading to cancers of the respiratory and integumentary systems.
Sub-Concepts with Exemplar
- Oxygenation: Upper (Infectious Rhinitis) respiratory condition; Lower respiratory conditions (Pneumonias); atelectasis; pneumothorax
- Genetics: Cystic fibrosis and congenital heart defects/anomalies
- Acid-Base Imbalance: Arterial blood gases
- Acute versus Chronic conditions: Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (IRDS), Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), and Asthma (single episode), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Cellular adaptation: Lung cancer
- Immunity: Inflammatory skin disorders
- Infection: wounds; abscess; viral and fungal rashes
- Inflammation: skin infection; skin irritation
APA format (6th ed.) and is free of errors
Grammar and mechanics are free of errors free of Plagiarism
References: Use your book, the outside source must be within the last 5 yrs, Scholarly Articles,s or Nurse journals within the last 5 yrs.