Mid-term Study Guide

Mid-term Study Guide

· Be able to list 3 reasons why we eat the way we do and which ones influence you

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· Know the 6 classes of essential nutrients

· Know the definition of a kilocalorie

· Know what balance, variety, and moderation are

· Know what nutrient density means and be able to list examples

· Be able to draw the new “Choose My Plate” food guide, including labeling each section in the correct place

· Know the definition for digestion

· Know how many calories per gram carbohydrates contain

· Be able to determine which foods are a source of fiber, complex carbohydrates, and simple sugars

· Know what the four functions of glucose are in the body

· Know what the functions of glycogen are

· Be able to give examples of simple sugars

· Be able to give examples of alternative sweeteners

· Be able to list three ways to decrease simple sugars in the diet

· Know the difference between soluble and insoluble fiber and foods which contain each of these

· Be aware of the health benefits of fiber

· Know how much fiber we need if taking in 2000-2500kcal/day

· Know how many calories per gram protein contains

· Know the roles of protein in the body

· Know the difference between essential and non-essential amino acids

· Know the difference between complete and incomplete proteins and be able to list an example of each

· Know what the term “complimentary proteins” means

· Know what the three groups of complimentary proteins are and be able to list foods in each group as well as combinations that would fulfill the definition of a complimentary protein

· Be able to distinguish whether soy is similar in quality to animal protein

· Be able to distinguish between the variety of vegetarian styles

· Know how many calories per gram fats/lipids contain

· Know the “other name” for omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids

· Know what the functions of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are

· Know what the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids are

· Be able to list some food sources high in omega-3 fatty acids

· Know the difference in saturated fats in foods (firmness, melting point, etc.)

· Be able to list five ways to lower the amount of saturated fat in a person’s diet

· Know the functions of triglycerides

· Know the functions of cholesterol

· Know what foods cholesterol is found in

· Know the difference between LDL and HDL and what each stands for as well as the difference between the two (the function of each)

· Know what hydrogenation does to liquid oils

· Know how trans fatty acids effect cholesterol levels

· Be able to make out a daily menu/diet for someone who wants to cut some of the saturated fat out of their diet and increase the amount of fiber they are taking in

Hammermeister 2015