John Flavell + Lev Vygotsky + Jean Piaget
• Metacognition is the monitoring and control of thought, thinking about cognition, self reflection
• Metacognition is the process of being self-aware of one’s own personal learning strengths and weaknesses; strategy knowledge and use; and a capacity for self-reflection
Strategies to Improve Metacognitive Awareness:
– Discuss with the class the importance of metacognitive knowledge
– Model your own metacognitive processes for students
– Ensure there is time for group discussion and reflection about learning activities
– Make visible the cognitive strategies students are using
Improve regulation of cognition by checking planning, monitoring and evaluating strategy use
Examples of Reflective Questions:
– What is your goal?