This paper should be an essay of 1,000-1,500 words (approximately 4-6 pages) in length, consist of original research and analysis, and be worth a total of 350 points towards your final grade.

These papers will take a position on a pre-circulated question or topic prompt, you will create your own argument to answer the prompt, and you will support that argument with primary- and secondary-source evidence taken from the class readings, circulated documents, and additional posted videos.

High-quality papers should:

  • meet the 1,000-word minimum word count (title pages, headers and footers, works cited page, and restated prompt excluded);
  • have an introduction;
  • be double-spaced and written in 12-point, Times New Roman font;
  • have a clear thesis statementPreview the document at the end of the introductions;
  • provide supporting evidence in the form of well-chosen and concise direct quotes;
  • provide proper MLA in-text (author-page style) (Links to an external site.) or Chicago Style footnote (notes-bibliography) (Links to an external site.) citations for all quoted and paraphrased evidence;
  • avoid plagiarizing the work(s) of others;
  • and, end with a solid conclusion that restates your thesis (albeit in a paraphrased form) and addresses some of the broader implications of the topic.

History Writing Tutoring:

Prompt

During the mid-20th century, black Americans increasing looked towards the anti-colonialist/pro-independence movements taking hold in South Asia and coastal West Africa as compatriots struggling for social, political, and economic equality in an unequal western reality. In the United States, black civil rights leaders, particularly Martin Luther King, Jr., drew inspiration from Mohandas Gandhi’s pacifist protests and demonstrations against British imperial rule. India and Ghana’s independence from European colonial rule, in 1946 and 1957 respectively, signified the achievement of sovereignty, self-determination, and the possibility of equality under the law. They also represented the hope and possibility of equal social, political, and legal treatment of black Americans in a United States deeply divided along racial lines.

For this paper, you will consider historical primary sources in the form of newspaper articles and editorials by American civil rights advocates and non-advocates, and you will construct an argument about how Indian and Ghanaian independence shaped the American civil rights movement during the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s.

This is an argumentative essay, which means that your paper should have an introduction ending with a clear, concise, and arguable thesis statement. In your formulating your paper’s argument, please think about some of the following questions:

  • What did Indian and Ghanaian independence mean to American civil rights advocates?
  • What arguments and/or counterarguments did more mainstream/White newspapers advance?
  • How did the arrival of Ghanaian leaders to the United States in 1957 influence the pro-civil rights newspapers’ discussion of segregation and Jim Crow laws?

You should answer these questions by relying on historical primary sources—documents that were generated during the time they describe. I will supply you with all the historical primary sources necessary. You should use a minimum of five primary sources, but excellent papers will use eight or more primary sources. please see the file for this.