Fallacies worksheet | Human Resource Management homework help

Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet


The following are some common rhetorical strategies:


  • Innuendo: a leading suggestion
  • Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people
  • Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions
  • Hyperbole:an extreme exaggeration


Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements.


1.     I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields).  _________________


2.     Have you stopped beating your wife? _____________


3.     The Maserati is the best car in the world! _________________


4.     All men love football; all women love the ballet. ______________                       


The following are some common rhetorical fallacies:


  • Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur.
  • Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence
  • Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A.
  • Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation
  • Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument
  • Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic


Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each of the following statements.


1.     We can either stop using plastic, or destroy the Earth  ______________


2.     I ate tuna for lunch and now I do not feel well, so the tuna made me ill. ___________


3.     If you enjoy a social drink, it could lead to you becoming an alcoholic, so you probably should never drink. __________


4.     Even though this is the first week of class, I can tell this is going to be a very easy course. ______________


5.     We know that smoking can affect your health, but how else will tobacco farmers earn a living? ______________


6.     As the candidate for mayor, he has some good ideas, but we know that all politicians are dishonest.___________