Please number and answer the following questions, based on lectures as well as readings and occasionally a video.  When you refer to the reading in your answer, put the author’s last name in parentheses – example: (Steinbugler).  Do not repeat the question; simply number then answer.  Your total word count for this exam should be minimum 1500 words.  At the top of your exam please put your name, class, and word count.  You will submit this Exam as a Word doc via Canvas by the due date/time posted in Canvas.  All answers must be in your own words; no direct quoting from lecture material or readings is allowed.  In other words, you of course will summarize points from the readings, but the key word is summarize.  You must put the readings’ points into your own words; please do not quote word-for-word from the readings.  Please note that while this exam is open (that is, open-note, open-book), you MAY NOT work with other people on this exam.  This exam is to be completed by you individually; any collaboration with other people on this exam constitutes cheating, so please be sure to work independently.  Please note that exams that are late or under the word count or have direct quoting will not be accepted. 

1.  Based on the Module Sexual Orientation lecture: What does it mean to say that sexuality is socially constructed?  Explain with examples two ways that LGBTQIA+ individuals face stigma/discrimination in the US.  From the reading (30)Zangari, Low, Query:  What does it mean to identify as asexual?  Explain with two examples how asexual individuals are diverse.  Finally, give one reason/motive with an example of why individuals in this study came out as asexual, and then give one reason/motive with an example of why individuals in this study did not come out as asexual.

2.  Based on the Module Race-Ethnicity and Sex lecture: What is the difference between race and ethnicity?  What does it mean to say that race is socially constructed?  From the reading (C)Steinbugler:  What does the author mean by moments of visibility?  Define and give two examples.  What does the author mean by visual dislocation?  Define and give two examples.

3.  Based on the Module Disability and Sex lecture: Explain the difference between the medical model of disability vs the social model of disability.  Which model do social scientists and disability rights activists generally prefer and why?  Explain two challenges (with examples) for a disabled person in finding a partner.  From the reading (14)Erickson, define and then give two examples of systemic ableism.  Why did Erickson become a porn star?

4.  Based on the Module Sexual Bodies reading (25)Hall: What is the author’s research question as well as his sample and methodology?  Explain his main research findings with three examples.  Based on the reading (26)Braun:  What is the author’s research question as well as her sample and methodology?  Explain her main research findings with three examples.

5.  Based on the Module Sex for Sale lecture and the documentary “Not My Life”:  What are some reasons why individuals choose to enter the field of sex work?  What is the primary reason for entering sex work, and give one example of this from the documentary “Not My Life.”  Next, based on the Module Sexual Violence lecture and the documentary “The Hunting Ground” and the readings (52)Stemple&Meyer and (51)Martin:  What is the most common form of rape?  Are all victims of sexual assault women?  Explain with examples from both the readings and the documentary.  How do colleges/universities often respond to reports of sexual assault, and why do they react this way?  Explain with examples.