English 2-10

Write an annotated bibliography of 10 sources for the research paper on Obesity in America. Bibliography is attached.

In the annotation of each source, you should begin by summarizing the source, including all of the main points of the source. Next, you should write a small critique for the source (about 1-2 sentences), in which you write about the strengths and weaknesses the source may have. Each annotation should be at least 1/2 page long ( Total 5 pages). I simply have you do mini critiques (1-2 sentences) at the end of each annotation.

This Annotated Bibliography should be double spaced, use size 12, Times New Roman font, and should follow MLA format.

Attached to this email is my bibliography of 10 sources. Also a sample Annotated Bibliography for you to see how it should look like.

Annotated Bibliography

Anderson, Walter E. “Form and Meaning in ‘Bartleby the Scrivener’.” Studies in Short Fiction

18.4 (1981): 383-393. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. According to Anderson, Melville’s intention in writing “Bartleby the Scrivener” is to demonstrate that regardless of how just or charitable man is, self-interest and self- preservation (human nature) will ultimately be the determining factor in how people treat each other. He begins the article by discussing the attributes or characteristics of both the lawyer and Bartleby. The lawyer, he argues, can be viewed as the story’s selfish villain and the cause of Bartleby’s suffering, or, he can be seen as a representation of the best humanity can do when confronted with situations such as Bartleby. Bartleby is described as being in true possession of free will, or, contrastingly, as a monster. Ultimately, Anderson argues that the lawyer’s charity only lasts until his self-interest is threatened. He concludes that all of us have embedded in us the first law of nature—self interest.

Cummings, Sherwood. “Mark Twain and the Sirens of Progress.” Journal of the Central

Mississippi Valley American Studies Association 1.2 (1960): 17-24. JSTOR. Web. 05 Oct. 2015. Cummings’ main argument is that while Mark Twain praises and admires technological progression in his early life, he ultimately forms a more complex view of progression which is conflicting with his early beliefs. He does so by explaining the various parts of Twain’s life. He first explains the influences around him in the form of technology and progress, shows how it shaped his view, and then finally gives literary examples of how that view is demonstrated in his writing. He lists many of the technological advances that appeared during Mark Twain’s life, including the steam railroad, steamboat, telegraph, telephone, sewing machine, and typewriter, and argues that Twain was one of the most supportive of this progress among American writers. Cummings explains that it wasn’t until Twain’s later years that these views changed, due to his more relaxing and peaceful change of lifestyle away from civilization.

Hesford, Walter. “ Literary Contexts of ‘Life in the Iron-Mills’.” American Literature 49.1

(1977): 70-85. JSTOR. Web. 28 Sept. 2015. Hesford uses a three-pronged approach in his article, stating that “Life in the Iron Mills” needs to be placed into various contexts (specifically Davis’ s influences, the social novel, and religion) in order for readers to appreciate the text’s realism and romance. He argues that the central concern of Davis’s short story is that of the life and soul of working class individuals, and that Davis’s novel presents the idea of spiritual revolution over economic. He concludes that Davis’s romance in the story does not prevent an apprehension of reality, but includes it, and involves it in a drama of historic, mythic significance; the romance gives dynamic, accessible import to Davis’s social concerns.

Hoeller, Hildergard. “Capitalism, Fiction, and the Inevitable, (Im)Possible, Maddening

Importance of the Gift.” PMLA 127.1 (2012): 131-6. Web. Hoeller argues, in his article, that while The Rise of Silas Lapham is a prime example of the intermingling of capitalism and literature, the narrative of the novel is driven and framed by the act and obligations of gift giving. Without the gift, there is no narrative and therefore no novel. He suggests that capitalism alone cannot create the narrative necessary for a novel. Hoeller notes that the inclusion of Silas’s own life debt (to Jim Millon during the Civil War) is an indicator of the importance of a similar gift with Mrs. Lapham and Mrs. Corey to the plot of the novel. The novel then becomes a story of the confusing, maddening and binding obligations of repaying a gift to people with whom they share nothing else. Hoeller warns against the broader reading of Mrs. Corey’s life debt being repaid by the marriage between the families, and that the narrative is regularly pushed along by concerns of repaying the gift without further entangling the families.

Marchand, Mary. “Faking It: Social Bluffing and Class Differences in Howells’s ‘The Rise of

Silas Lapham’.” New England Quarterly 83.2 (2010): 283-312. JSTOR. Web. 16 Oct. 2015. Marchand argues, though Howells preoccupation with social mobility is reflected in his won personal journey, the author has notably produced some of the most pessimistic and demoralizing accounts of how unlikely social ascension actually is. She identifies the social separation between the Coreys and the Laphams as being measured by their differences in taste: crude interests exhibited by showy examples versus a distinguished taste for simple comforts. Marchand claims that the story demonstrates Howell’s awareness that upper-class behavior cannot be imitated or bluffed. She argues that this bluffing creates anxiety, which in turn threatens to betray the bluffer’s attempt at displaying the upper-class role.

Marovich, Beatrice. “Myself: Walt Whitman’s Political, Theological Creature.” Angelican

Theological Review 92.2 (2010): 347-366. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Sept. 2015. Marovich argues in her article that Whitman’s poem, “Song of Myself,” is not about Whitman glorifying himself as a sacred and divine being, but rather, it was written for Whitman’s fellow Americans regarding the newly constructed American democracy that was supplemented by a sort of philosophical theology rooted in nature. She claimed that this theology was not one shaped by the American ecclesial network or Christian discourses of God, but a theology made for a revived and refreshed American popular sovereignty that was based around the conflicts of Whitman’s time. Marovich explained that Whitman’s God coexisted with humans in a democratic reality that viewed everyone as equals. In this theology, nature is the source of holy purity.

Pizer, Donald. Stephen Crane’s ‘Maggie’ and American Naturalism.” Criticism 7.2 (1965): 168-

175. JSTOR. Web. 23 Oct. 2015. The main idea of Pizer’s article can be summed up into the statement that appropriate behavior is dependent upon the environment the behavior occurs in. He argues that Crane’s Maggie, focused as it is on the Bowery slums and the effects of that environment on its inhabitants, veers from the usual naturalistic approach by introducing irony and expressionistic symbolism into the narrative. Pizer claims that though Maggie becomes a prostitute and is part of the slums herself, she is strangely untouched by her physical environment, and functions as a symbol of inner purity uncorrupted by external foulness. This symbol of purity in slums is Crane’s means of enforcing his large irony that purity is destroyed not by concrete evils, but by the very moral codes established to safeguard it.