Current Event Assignment

Find a current event no more than 6 months old to research using the internet news sources and must summarize the article in at least two paragraphs  (typed, double-spaced, 12-font) to class, the summarize must be able to answer who, what, where, when, why of the article and give her/his opinion of the article . A good site that you can use is www.hotsheet.com.

Running head: DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 1

 

 

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic Violence

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Research question: Why are victims of domestic violence less likely to call the police for assistance if they know the police department has a mandatory arrest policy.

Introduction

Across the United States, mandatory arrest policies for offenders of domestic violence have been implemented across many jurisdictions. However, these policies may provide a hindrance for some victims to call the police since the main reasons why the victims contact the police is to help in stopping the violence but not getting the perpetrator arrested. The presence of the police would stop the acts of domestic violence hence they contact them for this purpose and not to get the perpetrators arrested. Therefore, it is important to determine the reasons why victims might be against mandatory arrest policies for the legislature to make appropriate changes to accommodate them. The policies were created to protect the victims of domestic violence and if they are hindering them from seeking help then they may not be appropriate (Henning & Feder, 2004).

When the police receive a domestic violence call, there is a policy which requires them to arrest the perpetrator. However, it has been shown that some victims shy away from calling the police once they learn about the mandatory arrest policy. This is because most of the domestic violence perpetrators are family members and they would not with to see them arrested. Therefore, there is need to identify additional measures which can be implemented to help in dealing with the issue of domestic violence in addition to mandatory arrest policies. They provide an alternative approach for both the domestic violence victims and the police when faced with an issue of domestic violence. Putting these measures in place will ensure that the victims are free to call the police despite the fear of the mandatory arrest policy.

White Goldkamp & Campbell, (2005) carried out research on this topic and were able to highlight the dynamics associated with it. They were also able to identify the reasons why the domestic violence victims shy away from calling the police because of the mandatory arrest policy. There has also been an attempt to develop a comprehensive response to domestic violence since the mandatory arrest policy has presented disadvantages especially by instilling fear among the victims to seek help from the police force. A majority of the research carried out on this topic dates back to many years ago and may not be applicable in the present day. Humans are dynamic in nature and policies which were applicable in the past cannot be applicable in the present day. Therefore, it is important to carry out the research on the impact that the mandatory arrest policy has on whether or not the domestic violence contact the police. This aims at ensuring that the additional measures which will be proposed and implemented incorporate the prevailing conditions.

Victims of domestic violence are required to seek the help of the police whenever they are exposed to situations of domestic violence. According to Frye, Haviland & Rajah, (2017), the victims shy away from calling the police and this often leads to more harm for the victim since they do not easily get help from anywhere else. Often, the domestic violence perpetrators continue to carry out their harmful acts because the police have not been contacted. In some cases, the problem escalates significantly and may result in the death of the victim or serious harm to the victim (Frye, Haviland & Rajah, 2007).

Present Study

This study is aimed at providing an update to literature on the alternative measures which can be implemented to help in the solution of domestic violence in addition to mandatory arrest policies. This research will contribute to literature by providing up to date data since a majority of the research carried out on the topic is outdated. The target audience for the research would be policy makers who would utilize the data from this research to come up with the appropriate policies to help victims of domestic violence.

Hypothesis: The hypothesis for this study is that there will be an increase in the probability of domestic violence victims calling the police to seek for help despite the presence of the mandatory arrest policy because of the other policies which will be formulated and implemented.

Literature review

Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Pattavina, A., & Faggiani, D. (2007). Domestic violence and mandatory arrest laws: To what extent do they influence police arrest decisions. J. Crim. L. & Criminology98, 255.

Research shows that there has been an increase in the arrest rates as a result of the implementation of the mandatory arrest for domestic violence perpetrators. However, the increase is also attributed to the increase in the arrest rates females involved in domestic violence. The increase is also as a result of the dual arrest policy where both the parties involved in the domestic violence are arrested. This study was carried out by analyzing the assault and intimidation data from the National Incident Based Reporting System (“NIBRS”) from the year 2000. It included data from 2819 police departments situated in 19 states.

The study aimed at analyzing the differences in outcomes for the arrest of intimate partners and other domestic, acquaintance, and stronger assaults. It also analyzed the effect of statutory frameworks on the likelihood of arrest with an emphasis on arrests involving females. The results of the study point to the fact that the mandatory and preferred arrest statutes have significant effects on arrest practices for all categories of relationships. The nature of the impact relied mainly on the offender and the characteristics of the offense.

 

Iyengar, R. (2009). Does the certainty of arrest reduce domestic violence? Evidence from mandatory and recommended arrest laws. Journal of public Economics93(1-2), 85-98.

The mandatory arrest policy has been implemented by many states to help in solving the problem of police inaction when it comes to dealing with issues of domestic violence. This research analyzed the FBI Supplementary Homicide Reports which show that the mandatory arrest laws lead to an increase in intimate partner homicides. There are two reasons why there is an increase in these numbers which is an decrease in the rate of reporting by the victims and an increase in the reprisal by the abusers. The validity of these hypothesis was tested by examining the effects of mandatory arrest laws on different subgroups which are existing within the society and analyzing family homicides in which the victim does not hold the responsibility of reporting the domestic abuse.

Reporting of the incidences of domestic violence, there is consistent evidence in the FBI Supplementary Homicide Reports of the reporting mechanisms. For family homicides, the mandatory arrest policy led to a reduction in the number of homicides. Therefore, this study helps to ascertain that the mandatory arrest policy may lead to perverse effects on the intimate partner violence. The policy ends up harming the very person whom it seeks to help and protect.

Eitle, D. (2005). The influence of mandatory arrest policies, police organizational characteristics, and situational variables on the probability of arrest in domestic violence cases. Crime & Delinquency51(4), 573-597.

There has been extensive research on the factors which predict an arrest in domestic violence cases. However, there are several elements which have not been ventured into in the existing researches. One is the lack of examination to determine if the mandatory arrest policies are associated with an increase in the risk of arrest across multiple jurisdictions. Two is that there has been little consideration on whether police organizational characteristics influence the arrest of individuals involved in domestic violence cases. Third is thatlittle examination has been done to determine whether the mandatory arrest policies moderate the influence of extralegal characteristics on arrest risks.

This research utilized data from the National Incident based Reporting System and the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics data from the year 2000. It employed a nonhierarchical modelling procedure to evaluate the predictive utility of situational and organizational factors which are associated with arrest probability in domestic violence cases. From the results of the study, the mandatory arrest policy can help in predicting the arrest and lead to a moderate reduction in the significance of race as a predictor of arrest. The results of this study support a constrained rational model of pricing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Eitle, D. (2005). The influence of mandatory arrest policies, police organizational characteristics, and situational variables on the probability of arrest in domestic violence cases. Crime & Delinquency51(4), 573-597.

Frye, V., Haviland, M., & Rajah, V. (2007). Dual arrest and other unintended consequences of mandatory arrest in New York City: A brief report. Journal of Family Violence22(6), 397-405.

Henning, K., & Feder, L. (2004). A comparison of men and women arrested for domestic violence: Who presents the greater threat?. Journal of family violence19(2), 69-80.

Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Pattavina, A., & Faggiani, D. (2007). Domestic violence and mandatory arrest laws: To what extent do they influence police arrest decisions. J. Crim. L. & Criminology98, 255.

Iyengar, R. (2009). Does the certainty of arrest reduce domestic violence? Evidence from mandatory and recommended arrest laws. Journal of public Economics93(1-2), 85-98.

White, M. D., Goldkamp, J. S., & Campbell, S. P. (2005). Beyond mandatory arrest: Developing a comprehensive response to domestic violence. Police practice and research6(3), 261-278.