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Discussion: Gender Identity Analysis

Discussion: Gender Identity Analysis

Males typically identify with the male gender and females with the feminine gender. The question for many researchers today and for this Discussion is: How does this gender identification occur? How do individuals come to identify with and accept themselves as either one gender or the other? This concept is termed gender identity in psychology.

There are two terms associated with gender identity that are important to highlight: gender stability and gender consistency. Gender stability means that gender is a stable personal characteristic and does not change with age or the situation or the environment. Gender consistency means that you identify with your gender regardless of how you are behaving. If you are a male and put on a pink dress, you show gender consistency if you still identify with being male, even though you are behaving like a female.

In this Discussion, you will explore some of the significant factors that influence gender identity and how these influencing factors impact society as a whole.

To prepare for this Discussion:

  • Review Chapter 6 in the course text, Gender: Psychological Perspectives. Focus on how different factors influence gender identity. Read “Demographic and Psychosocial Factors Associated With Psychological Distress and Resilience Among TransgenderIndividuals” and “Cross-Cultural Analysis of Gender Roles: Indian and US Advertisements.”
  • Watch a few different TV shows, sitcoms, commercials, or news reports. Also, look at a popular magazine and peruse the ads. Think about how these media sources 1) influence and or reinforce gender identity and 2) play a part in influencing gender bias. Focus on specific examples.
  • Using yourself or your child (or someone else’s child with whom you are close), think about the most important influential factors on gender identity, including biological, environmental, family, peer group, and cultural.

With these thoughts in mind:

By Day 3

Post your thoughts on how biology, environment, culture, family, peer group, and the media impact gender identity in the United States. Briefly describe how this influence on gender identity is accomplished. Then, describe the reasons individuals may experience gender dysphoria. Finally, provide some examples for how you think that society can best support the transgendered community. Be sure to support your examples with evidence from your research.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

The Store Shopper

The Store Shopper

 

Mary likes to shop at Safeway because she likes their wide variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. Periodically Mary is seen sampling the grapes and strawberries to determine their freshness and flavor. The store has no posted signs inviting shoppers to sample the fresh produce, yet Mary, like many others, is oblivious to the fact that someone must pay for the sampled fruit. Mary rationalizes her behavior by thinking that she is only sampling a couple of grapes and strawberries. No one cares; everybody else does it too; and certainly a few grapes will never be missed. She eats the fruit in open view, suggesting to others that such behavior is common and quite acceptable. No harm done. Have you ever sampled the fruit? Is this behavior stealing? Why, or why not? A man was once arrested in a store because he sampled too many grapes. Is it socially acceptable to steal within certain limits?

 

Scenario 2 Highway Cash

 

It seems like once every year or two in the United States a guard forgets to properly close the back door to an armored truck and bags of cash fall out onto the highway. Finders keepers? If you came upon a couple of bags of money containing $100,000 dropped along a highway, would you keep the money? You are not responsible for the money being dropped there; and after all, someone needs to pick it up, right? Is it a crime if you choose to keep it? Are you morally and/or legally obligated to return the money? Under what circumstances do you feel it’s OK to keep the cash? Does the amount of cash matter in your decision-making process? Does whether the bags have identification affect your decision to keep or turn in the money?

 

Scenario 3 Every Step You Take, I’ll Be Watching You

 

Everyone has their own way of meeting people and developing relationships. Some are just better at it than others. Take Joe for example. There is a new coworker who has a cubicle not far from his. He is a bit socially awkward but cannot pass up an opportunity to make contact with this lovely person with the beautiful smile. Joe decides to leave her unsigned notes on her desk telling her how happy he is that she is working for the company. He has left a few gifts on her desk as well: a flower, some chocolates, and some fruit. Sometimes he has followed her home just because he is curious where she lives. A few times he has deliberately shopped at the same grocery store as his coworker but made sure she did not see him there. He doubts that he could ever date her because Joe suspects she might be married or at least have a boyfriend. Is this stalking? He has no intent to do harm, and he has given her gifts and does not hit on her like some of his coworkers. Joe is one of the good guys, right? After all, he understands boundaries.

 

Scenario 4 Desperate Times Require Desperate Measures, Right?

 

Are there conditions under which you would consider it justifiable to commit a crime? How about theft? For example, you find yourself out of money and in need of food for yourself and three young children. You just moved into town and don’t have any friends yet and no family. Your last paycheck was used for rent and moving expenses. Now you have no money left for food and the kids are hungry and one is crying. All you need is a few staples like bread, milk, and eggs. You know you will pay the store back later. So, you simply place the few food items in your tote bag and walk out of the store. In this case, does the end justify the means?

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Warm-Up 7.1: Continue to Work on Signature Assignment

Warm-Up 7.1: Continue to Work on Signature Assignment

By this point in your research paper, you are now ready to prepare an outline of your Signature Assignment. Preparing your outline will help you organize your thoughts, realize any areas that need more research, and get valuable feedback from your instructor before actually preparing the Signature Assignment.

Write a detailed outline of your research paper, including in-text citation for 10 sources and a reference list with 10 entries. The detailed outline should include all elements of your paper, including:

• Introduction
• The three subtopics noted earlier
• Conclusion

Your three subtopics may have changed as a result of your research. Elaborate on each of the subtopics with two or more sub-points in outline format. Include any quotes you intend to use in your paper, inserting them along with their citation, at the appropriate place in your outline.

If you have resources that no longer fit into the outline of your paper, create a “Future Research” category at the end of the outline for material you may want to use in another paper. Note any areas that need more references to support them.

Assignment

After reviewing the articles and videos on brain enhancement, carefully think about the advantages, disadvantages, and ethical implications of enhanced learning. Imagine that you have been asked to prepare an article in a psychology newsletter on the ethical implications of learning enhancement. Write a reflection paper that discusses your own ethical viewpoint toward the use of brain enhancement. Some of the issues you might consider in preparing your paper are:

• What types of pharmaceutical enhancements are currently being used? Of these, which ones are commonly considered acceptable, which ones are controversial?
• What types of brain/computer interfaces have already taken place? What might be the future of such interfaces?
• Will brain enhancements be equally available to all diverse groups? What happens if they are not?
• Who controls how brains are enhanced and who receives enhancement?
Support your paper with at least three additional scholarly resources.

Length: 3-5 pages; including 3 references

Review Chapter 6 in the course text, Gender: Psychological Perspectives. Focus on how different factors influence gender identity. Read “Demographic and Psychosocial Factors Associated With Psychological Distress and Resilience Among TransgenderIndividuals” and “Cross-Cultural Analysis of Gender Roles: I

  • Review Chapter 6 in the course text, Gender: Psychological Perspectives. Focus on how different factors influence gender identity. Read “Demographic and Psychosocial Factors Associated With Psychological Distress and Resilience Among TransgenderIndividuals” and “Cross-Cultural Analysis of Gender Roles: Indian and US Advertisements.”
  • Watch a few different TV shows, sitcoms, commercials, or news reports. Also, look at a popular magazine and peruse the ads. Think about how these media sources 1) influence and or reinforce gender identity and 2) play a part in influencing gender bias. Focus on specific examples.
  • Using yourself or your child (or someone else’s child with whom you are close), think about the most important influential factors on gender identity, including biological, environmental, family, peer group, and cultural.

With these thoughts in mind:

By Day 3

Post your thoughts on how biology, environment, culture, family, peer group, and the media impact gender identity in the United States. Briefly describe how this influence on gender identity is accomplished. Then, describe the reasons individuals may experience gender dysphoria. Finally, provide some examples for how you think that society can best support the transgendered community. Be sure to support your examples with evidence from your research.

On May 18, 1927, a farmer angered by property taxes that helped build a local school building in Bath, Michigan, murdered his wife, burned down his house, detonated over 1,000 pounds of dynamite he had placed within the school, then drove his truck up to the school and discharged another explosive killing 45 people, most of whom were children, and injuring another 58.

On May 18, 1927, a farmer angered by property taxes that helped build a local school building in Bath, Michigan, murdered his wife, burned down his house, detonated over 1,000 pounds of dynamite he had placed within the school, then drove his truck up to the school and discharged another explosive killing 45 people, most of whom were children, and injuring another 58. On April 20, 1999 (72 years later), two students at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, carried out a highly planned massacre involving multiple explosives and a shooting spree ending in the deaths of 14 people (including the perpetrators) and the injury of 21 more.

The Bath, Michigan, disaster drew limited media coverage lasting roughly a week and the story all but vanished from headlines. The Columbine shooting, however, remains a turning point in the perception of safety in schools. One major reason for this is the explosion of news coverage and the intense, long-lasting analyses of this and other acts of mass school violence.

Post by Day 3 a response to the following:

·  How does the media shape society’s viewpoint of mass violence?

o  What are the similarities and differences between the two school disasters with regard to the mindset of the attackers?

o  Are school children safer now than they were then? Explain your answer.

o  Is media overstating school violence or creating copycat events? Why, or why not?

·  Does media contribute to stereotypes of crime? Explain your rationale.

·  How has the explosion of social media and 24-hour news coverage impacted our perceptions of violence vs. the impact of more traditional radio and television news coverage? Provide an example.

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resources on your own before you bid. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. APA format also requires headings. Use the prompt each week to guide your heading titles and organize the content of your initial post under the appropriate headings.

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resources on your own before you bid. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. APA format also requires headings. Use the prompt each week to guide your heading titles and organize the content of your initial post under the appropriate headings. Remember to use scholarly research from peer-reviewed articles that is current. Please follow the instructions to get full credit for the discussion. I need this completed by 06/10/20 at 8pm.

Discussion – Week 1

Top of Form

Social Change Portfolio: Part 1: Scope and Consequences

As you begin to develop your portfolio addressing a social change issue, you will have opportunities throughout the term to use the Discussion boards to share your progress with your colleagues. These forums allow your peers to provide consultative feedback to you, and for you to offer your perspective to them. For this Discussion and others in this course, you are asked to address specific points and to respond to your peers in specific ways. Your experience with these Discussions contributes to your understanding of consultation and to your skills as a practitioner.

To Prepare:

  • Review the Learning Resources for this week as they relate to the scope and consequences of an identified problem in communities.
  • Create a section in your Social Change Portfolio called “Introduction,” and provide an introductory paragraph about your      Social Change Portfolio.
  • Create a section in your Social Change Portfolio called “Scope and Consequences” and include the following information:
    • The target problem you identified within your community. Select only one problem. This needs to be a public health/mental health problem that can be addressed through prevention. (In Waco, TX there is a lack of resources in the black community that help those with mental health problems or you can talk about the lack of things available to help keep kids off the streets leaning to violence)
    • Describe the scope of the problem, such as the prevalence rates in your community, how those rates compare to national averages, and information about trends. Focus on local trends if available but if local data is not available, then describe national trends. For your project, trends refer to whether rates are increasing or decreasing or if there are other changes in the problem over time.
    • Describe the consequences of this problem in your community including physical health consequences, mental health consequences, social/educational/family consequences, and economic consequences.
    • Provide a one-sentence goal statement for your Social Change Portfolio.

Note: For the purposes of this course, your focus is to develop a plan, but not to actually implement the project. In goal setting, consider what is truly achievable. A vast goal such as, “eliminate teen substance abuse in my community,” is unrealistic.

Instead, a goal such as “increase awareness of teen substance abuse and identify resources and a plan to reduce teen substance abuse” is more realistic.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

Required Resources

Walden University (2016). Scholars of Change: Building a bridge from homeless-to-housed. Retrieved from https://www.waldenu.edu/connect/video-and-multimedia/social-change/scholars-of-change/2016-winners/building-a-bridge-from-homeless-to-housed.

CDC.gov (n.d.). Creating a health profile of your neighborhood: A how-to guide. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/toolkit/sources_of_health_data.pdf.

County Health Rankings & Roadmaps (2018). How healthy is your community? Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/.

Laureate International Universities (2018). Educating Uganda’s Future Community Leaders. Retrieved from http://laureatehereforgood.net/HFG-in-action/educating-ugandas-future-community-leaders/

U.S. National Library of Medicine (2018). Health data tools and statistics. Retrieved from https://phpartners.org/health_stats.html. 

Document: Social Change Prevention Portfolio (Word document)

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Assessing your instructor feedback [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Note: The approximate length of this video is 4 minutes.

Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript

Richard was just 11 years of age when he set his first fire. He claimed it was accidental and remembers finding the experience scary but also fascinating. Richard went on to become a prolific serial arsonist that he would later admit provided him a sense of power and sexual gratification.

Richard was just 11 years of age when he set his first fire. He claimed it was accidental and remembers finding the experience scary but also fascinating. Richard went on to become a prolific serial arsonist that he would later admit provided him a sense of power and sexual gratification. He also committed a wide range of other crimes including sexual assault, auto theft, impersonating a police officer, burglary, theft, and prostitution. His preference, however, was setting fires. He could not resist the temptation to burn down larger and larger structures. What motivated Richard to commit such dangerous crimes? What risk factors may have influenced his desire to start fires?

Indeed, what makes someone like Richard more likely to become a criminal?
Researchers have studied these questions for decades and still do not have definitive answers. There are biological, behavioral, developmental, and situational factors, however, that establish correlations with criminal proclivity. Biologically, factors like overall temperament, brain chemistry problems, and hormone imbalances could be indicative of a tendency toward criminality. Certain developmental issues like cognitive ability, intelligence, language development, and self-regulation skills have also been studies for correlation. In addition, displaying such behaviors like deceit, impulsiveness, and manipulation may hold a connection to criminal activity.

Other compelling factors may germinate in social learning environments. Some offenders may believe that by committing crimes there are specific outcomes and/or rewards for doing so. Some commit crimes because they are frustrated in their efforts to achieve and succeed in life. Others may commit crimes simply because of the specific difficult situation in which they find themselves. For psychologists, understanding the permutations of criminality is important, but even more so is making determinations for treatment and predictions for future criminal behavior.

Post by Day 3 a response to the following:
Analyze your selected case study:

·  What demographics or risk factors (e.g., acute, direct, proxy, short and long-term) are involved that may have contributed to the person becoming a victim or offender?

·  How are the demographics or risk factors for becoming a criminal and victim related? How are they different? How would the demographics or risk factors vary in another country?

·  If an individual reflects the data supporting the likelihood of becoming a criminal or victim, does that guarantee the outcome?

·  Support your responses with evidence from the Learning Resources or other academic material.

1. After learning about infancy and the importance of nurturing relationships to the developing brain, which attachment style do you believe is most appealing to parents (who don’t know this theory)? Why? How could you tell

Write a 500-word response to this prompt.

Prompt:

1. After learning about infancy and the importance of nurturing relationships to the developing brain, which attachment style do you believe is most appealing to parents (who don’t know this theory)? Why? How could you tell a parent/patient/customer about attachment theory in a sensitive and respectful way?

2. Consider the cultural variabilty of infant care as demonstrated in the “Babies” documentary what similarities do you see in predicting secure attachment?  Which differences?  Is attachment a multicultural theory?

Book:

Berger, Kathleen Stassen. (2019). Invitation to the life-span. (4th ed.). New York, New York: Worth Publishers.

Prompt: Choose any one (1) of the below 3 options for your post; it’s your choice. Please start your post with the Option number so we can easily know which option you chose. Your posts are critical thinking on your part. 

Prompt: Choose any one (1) of the below 3 options for your post; it’s your choice. Please start your post with the Option number so we can easily know which option you chose. Your posts are critical thinking on your part. 

Option 1: In today’s media world, negative body images are directed towards adolescent females and males. Do you think the media affects how adolescents feel about their body image? Why or Why not? Discuss for both teen females and teen males and support your opinion with at least 1 example each. Your example(s) should be from your own experience;

Option 2: If you could change ONE (1) thing in media to give a more positive message to all adolescent body images/shapes, what would it be? And how would you share it with adolescents? Discuss and support your opinion with at least 1 example/reason for each part. Your example(s) should be from your own experience; it’s critical thinking on your part.

Option 3: Imagine that you are a parent and you are departing on a 10-year voyage, leaving behind your pre-adolescent child. Compose a letter to help your child cope with the changes that will soon occur as they become an adolescent. Discuss and support your opinion with at least 1 example/reason. Your example(s) should be from your own experience; it’s critical thinking on your part.

 Risk of Crime

Risk of Crime

A woman who is engaged in prostitution is more likely to find herself vulnerable to theft, assault, and other types of violent crimes. High-risk behaviors such as this create an increased likelihood of more violent crimes. Another woman works in a white-collar job and lives in the suburbs. Does that mean that she does not have to be concerned about crime? She is still at risk, but perhaps it is of a different form.

What are the correlations between demographics and the types of crimes people commit? Do certain types of people have a higher risk of committing particular crimes or becoming a victim of those crimes? In your Learning Resources this week, you examined what risk factors tend to lead to becoming an offender or a victim, but in this Assignment you will take it one step further.

In this Assignment, you will select a case study where risk factors are present. You will examine the correlation that exists between risk factors and the types of crimes  that are likely to occur. You will then make a determination of the relative likelihood that a person will become an offender or a victim.

In a 3- to 5-page paper:

·  Summarize the case.

·  Identify demographics and risk factors (e.g., acute, direct, proxy, short and long-term) that are present in the case that contribute to the subject becoming a victim or offender.

·  Identify and evaluate the risk factors that are prone to influence a person, once they have committed their first crime, to continue engaging in criminal behavior. For victims of crime, identify and evaluate factors that would facilitate continued victimization.

·  Explain if there is a correlation between risk factors and the types of crimes that are likely to occur.

·  Rate the subject (Scale of 1–10) as to how likely is it that he/she will commit a crime or become a victim.

·  Include supporting evidence of your conclusions.